The foot provides sturdiness in an exceedingly advanced structure however versatile design. The organization of twenty six major bones with numerous muscle tendon groups provides tremendous strength and tolerance to enormous weight bearing forces, whereas providing elegant flexibility of movement. It provides a foundation for virtually all movements, which carry weight-bearing forces that may be several times the burden of our own body. The speed of walking jogging or jumping, additionally to supporting weight of extra objects, will require the feet in explicit to tolerate a load of twenty times our own body weight. With such onerous work taking its toll on this unassuming and usually overlooked tool, the foot is at risk of both acute traumatic injury and prolonged overuse. The character of the injury can be obvious or very obscure. Acute trauma to foot and lower extremity ends up in common additional easily detected injuries. Sprains, strains and fractures are common with acute trauma. If severe enough most fractures are easily detected with routine x-rays. An intensive exam by a knowledgeable medical provider will typically determine or rule out these conditions. A detailed understanding of the circumstances at the instant of injury provides clues to the nature and location of injury. But, a number of these injuries will result in obscure subclinical harm that will be difficult to localize. A stress fracture is by definition a crack to the bone that initially does not seem on an x-ray. It's not apparent till 2-three weeks later when new bone formation becomes visible on an x-ray signifying repair to the bone. Even that may not be detectable without a special bone scan or MRI so as to identify the explanation for lack of improvement or continuing pain in far more than expectation. The various components of the foot are subject to overuse injury through repetitive motion. A number of these might seem excessive or extraordinary activities while others may be regular daily tasks that simply go beyond the capacity of the foot to tolerate the demands. Blisters, tendonitis, plantar fasciitis, Morton's neuroma, bursitis are all examples of repetitive overuse injury to the foot. The natural form of an individual's foot, strenuous activity, or footwear improperly fitted or unsuitable for the activity contributes to overuse injury. Treatment for foot injuries depends on the basics of rest, ice, elevation, and usually an anti-inflammatory medication. Immobilization of an unstable fracture or bracing of a weakened ligament or tendon is usually necessary. Having said that, immobilization is assigned for as short a period as possible. Mere inactivity contributes to stiffness and muscle atrophy. Basic mobility is dependent on walking even if it means that crutches to enable partial weight bearing. There merely isn't any substitute for providing adequate time for the weakened element to heal. This could be a slow and frustrating process. Some weight bearing is most well-liked, if tolerated, while proscribing activities. Careful planning for transitional activities, use of cold packs, an anti-inflammatory, and physical therapy all augment the repair process. Consultation and training by a physical therapist will facilitate re-strengthening, enhance range of motion, and accelerate the healing method by eliminating the intrinsic complications of inactivity. A arrange for home exercises is part of rehabilitation program as well. Frequent course corrections are created by continued collaboration with the physical therapist to boost the foremost economical outcome. Designing exercises specific to a job or sport for the individual are terribly helpful and part of the physical therapy contribution to recovery. Management of any of these injuries includes careful coming up with for transitional activities. When to resume full duty of unrestricted play or work should be determined by careful designing with the health care team. Attention to both physical and mental aspects of the injury is important. Equally important are confidence within the recovery, sensible body mechanics when resuming activities, correct coaching and warm up to take care of your smart health whereas preventing any injury. Blisters and fungal infections of the foot (Athlete's foot) are common relatively minor issues that cause a nice deal of disability and time loss. Both are very preventable with consistent management. Dry feet are necessary to both situations. Wet feet are additional seemingly to form friction blisters and wet feet are a lot of vulnerable to breed a fungal infection. Both conditions ignored will be briefly disabling and very uncomfortable. Preventing blisters depends on properly fit shoes that are fitted to the activity. Appropriate socks that pad the high friction areas of the foot. If necessary adding self- adhesive moleskin or plain zinc oxide tape over the potential problem areas before starting the activity will be a great profit for prevention. If a blister does develop, these same products are useful as a "second skin" for temporary protection. Popping the blister ought to be avoided unless it's an uncomfortable weight bearing area. Even then correct cleaning of the realm with disinfectant and use of fresh instrument are vital to stop infection. Leaving as much of the blister dome in place temporarily may help offer some protection beside "second skin" products. Ongoing wound care and doable removal of the devitalized skin may be necessary to stop infection. Fungal infections develop slowly and easily ignored till they advance enough to cause bothersome symptoms. Cleaning the feet, changing socks and even shoes, daily may be necessary. A few fungi sometimes on the skin cultivate in worn clothing and accumulate in footwear, especially if they're chronically damp from moisture or sweat. This breeding ground infects the skin causing itching, redness, peeling and even pain from the breakdown of the skin. Dryness helps. However over the counter treatment with a broad-spectrum anti-fungal cream like terbinafine (accessible as a generic or complete Lamisil) applied twice daily will adequately treat most cases in two-three weeks. If these easy measures do not forestall or manage your symptoms consult your health care provider for more evaluation. You want to take good care of your feet if you expect to travel terribly so much! As a physician with over thirty years of clinical expertise in the fields of general/family practice, occupational medicine, and urgent care, I've got an interest in promoting healthy living and inspiring people to achieve their life goals. My professional experience has not been limited to the practice of medicine. I've got worked as a business consultant, registered investment advisor, wine merchant and personal advisor. I've authored a mystery novel "Turnabout by Bruce Kaler M.D." that follows a surgeon whose life is turned the wrong way up by a wrongful death malpractice lawsuit brought by his vengeful ex-girlfriend. He struggles to find the truth for that he's ill prepared.